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高中英语完形填空高频词汇汇总

来源:51芜湖家教网    点击:11317    发布日期:2013-3-16 9:06:33
芜湖家教网汇总:高中英语完形填空高频词汇汇总

【英语】历年高考英语完形填空“高频词汇”总结

动词类:
1、看 look看的动作/ see看的结果 watch观察/observe为了研究进行的观察 notice注意 catch sight of看见 stare好奇地看/ glare瞪着看
glance瞅见/glimpse瞥见 see a film看电影 watch TV看电视
2、说 tell sth to sb.=tell sb sth告诉的内容 talk with sb about sth强调说话者之间的交流 say sth诉说的内容 speak in English说的语言
whisper sth to sb 耳语 inform sb of sth 通知某人某事 reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事 bargain讨价还价 chat聊天repeat重复 explain解释 warn警告 remind提醒 discuss 讨论 debate辩论 figure 指出 declare宣布 claim自称 mention 提起 admit 承认 deny 否绝 describe描述 announce 公布 introduce 介绍 complain抱怨
3、叫 cry哭叫 call叫 shout大喊 scream尖叫 moan呻吟 sigh叹气 quarrel大吵
4、问 ask 询问 interview 采访 express表达 question审问
5、答 answer回答 respond回应(用其他方式回应) reply回复
6、听 listen to听的动作 hear听的结果 pick up收听 overhear无意听到
7、写 dictate听写 write sth 写 describe描写 drop a line 写信 draw画 take down/write down写下,记下
8、拿/放 take拿走 bring拿来 hold举着 carry扛,挑(无方向性) fetch拿来拿去 lift举 put放 lay 铺/放置 pull拉/push推
9、抓 take hold of 抓着 seize紧抓 grasp 握住 scratch 抠
10、打 hit一次性的打击 beat不间断的打击 strike突然的击打/突然想到 blow吹刮 attack攻击
11、扔 throw扔 drop掉/放弃/错过 fall 倒下无意掉下来 wave 招手 shake摇
12、送 send寄送 deliver递送 give给 offer 主动给予 see off给某人送行
13、摸/抱 touch摸 fold折叠 embrace拥抱 hug抱 hold 握 in one’s arms拥抱
14、踢/碰 kick踢 knock敲 tip 轻敲
15、行 walk走 run跑 climb爬 jump跳 skip 单腿跳 slip溜 come/go enter进入 move搬迁 drive开车 ride 骑 fly crawl 匍匐前进
16、坐 sit down,be seated,seat oneself,take a seat坐下 stand站,耸立 lean斜靠
17、睡/休息 lie /on one’s back/ on one side/ on one’s stomach睡觉 stay in bed躺在床上 rest/have a rest休息 take a nap打盹 be asleep熟睡 turn over翻身
18、笑 smile 微笑(不出声) laugh笑 burst into laughter/burst out laughing大笑
19、哭 cry哭 shed tears留泪 weep呜咽地哭 sob抽泣 burst into tears /burst out crying大哭
20、找/查 find找到 look for正在找过程 find out查明 discover 发现 explore探索 hunt for/search for/seek/seek for/in search of寻找 search sb 搜身 search sp. for sth某物而搜寻某地 check检查,核实 examine考察发现问题,体检 test检测,检验 inspect视察
21、穿 put on 动作 wear穿戴 have on试穿 be dressed in 穿的状态 make-up化装 get changed换衣服 be in red穿着红色的衣服 take off 脱 remove 去除
22、吃/喝 eat/drink sip吮吸 have a meal/have supper吃饭 treat sb to请某人吃 help oneself to 随便吃
23、得 get/obtain得到 acquire获得知识和技能 gain获得 possess拥有
24、失 lose 丢了 be lost/be missing人错过失踪,不见 gone不见( 物) die off相继死去 die away 逐渐消失
25、有 have有 own是自己的 conquer征服 occupy占有=possess
26、无 nothing left 什么也没剩下 the remaining thing剩下的东西 disappear/be missing /gone消失
27、增/减 rise / go up上升 drop下降 人主动抬价 raise /bring down /reduce increase/decrease
28、买/卖 buy/purchase买 afford/pay/pay off/pay for支付 sell卖 on sale销售 bargain特价商品
bill钞票/cheque支票/cash现金/credit card信用卡 notes票据/ coins硬币 discounts折扣
29、存在/消失 come into being形成 exist存在 appear出现 survive存活 turn up出现 disappear消失 die死 die out灭绝 pass away去世 be out of sight不在视线内
30、变化 develop,improve,become,grow,go+ bad /wrong/ sour /without( negative adj.) turn + colour变化颜色
change /change into变成……
31、认识的过程 feel; sense; guess; suppose; wonder; doubt; know /learn; realize; understand; remember; be familiar with; recall; recite; apply to
32、成功/失败 make it; succeed; make progress; come true; realize one’s dream ; win (成功)
lose; fail to do; failure; defeat; suffer loss beat; turn sth. into reality (失败)
33、努力 try /manage; make efforts; attempt do ones best; do as much as one can to do
34、祝贺 congratulations on sb; celebrate; observe 庆祝; get together 聚会
35、赞美/批评 praise; think highly of
blame sb for sth/ sb is to blame criticize /scold sb. for sth. have a low opinion of sb speak ill of
36、喜/恶 like; love; be fond of; be keen on; be crazy about; adore; be into; prefer; enjoy; in favor of;
dislike; hate; be awful/disgusting; ignore; turn off
37、判断 think; believe; consider; find; feel; conclude; infer; doubt
38、到达 arrive at; reach; return to; get to; stay in sp; visit; leave; leave for on one’s way to; upon one’s arrival; on doing sth
39、受伤 hurt; injured; wound; cut; kill; drown; bleed; get burnt; suffer from;suffer a loss
40、损坏 damage; destroy; ruin; break down be broken; crash
41、修复 repair; rebuild; restore; fix; recover oneself
42、支持/反对 agree; disagree; accept; receive; refuse; turn down;
     be against elect; vote for/ against
43、做饭 cook; wash; cut; chop; boil; fry; steam; make mix; clean brush; cooker
44、建议 advise; suggest; recommend; urge; propose; demand; persuade 说服
45、花费 sth/doing sth+cost; sb+spend+ in doing sth ; sb+afford +n/to do sth
It +take some time/ money/energy +to do sth; sb+ pay+$ for sth.; at one’s expense
46、省/存钱 save /save up; set aside; put away; spare no effort/ time
47、参加 take part in; join /join in; attend; compete in/ for/against
48、控告 accuse sb. of; charge sb. with
49、救治 help /help out; save /rescue sb from sth.;treat过程 / cure 结果; aid sb in doing sth / to do sth help sb with sth assist sb in doing sth
50、敬佩 admire; respect; show respect for/to; adore; envy /be jealousy; in honor of
51、逃避 ran away; escape from; flee; hide
52、阻止/禁止 prevent / keep/ stop sb. from doing sth; forbid doing sth.; ban; prohibit
53、对付/处理 handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth; solve; settle
54、效仿 copy; imitate; learn from; learn
54、爆发/发生 come about; happen to; take place; break out; burst out; go off; explosion
55、安装/装备 fasten; fix; set; equip ; be armed with 用什么武装; be equipped with装备有
56、追求 pursuit; ran after; seek after; chase; catch up with赶上; keep up with跟上
57、想/考虑 think of 考虑/+as把什么看成; think about想起; consider; think over仔细考虑; be concerned 担心; be considerate towards sb.
58、打算 plan / intend / design to do; be going to do /be about to do /will do
59、似乎/好象 seem; appear; look like; as if; as though
60、开办/关闭 open; start; set up; close/close up; end; close down

名词类
1、假期vacation; holiday; spring break; ask for leave; be on holiday; have two days off
2、旅游 trip; journey; tour; voyage; travel; tourist; passenger; go camping/picnicking/hiking
3、职务人员 clerk; secretary; passer-by; manager; waitress; guest ;host; hostess
Assistant; customer; patient /vet; staff; crew; nurse; teacher
Conductor; tailor; sailor ;inventor; gardener; guard
4、餐馆/定餐/就餐 inn; restaurant; kitchen; menu; ill ; order; tip; fork and knife; reserve /book table; Taste delicious; salad dash ; vegetables ; fruit ; tray; napkin
5、诊所/看病/服药 clinic; hospital; take one’s temperature; take medicine/pills; have a fever/flu/headache; doctor physician; surgeon specialist; patient
6、车站/机场 airport; on board; miss the train/bus; catch a train; meet sb.
7、身体部位 arm ; head; hair; brain; waist ; back ; shoulder ; pulse; wrist
8、意志 will; courage ;patience ;determination; faith ; effort ; confidence; ambition; energy
9、才能/品质 talent; gift; ability; potential; intelligent; promising; smart ;stupid ;careful; proud
Strict ; honest ;cold ;serious ;easy-going; learned; knowledgeable
10、优缺点 advantage; disadvantage; strength; weakness
11、目标 aim; goal ; intention; purpose; belief; faith
12、方式 means ; method; way; manner; approach
13、身体素质 strong; weak; pale; sick; ill; be well; keep slim/ fit; cut weight/put on weight
14图表 photo; picture ;graph; drawing table line/bar ;graph ; pie; chart ;draw a sketch 划草图
15、文章 reading; translation ;essay ;poem ;paper ;novel/fiction ; article; magazine ;newspaper ; journal 日志 ;diary日记 ; Files form ; make a list of
16、课堂 class; course; lecture ;example; reason ;message; notes ;words ;phrase; scholarship; degree ;Subject ;question trouble; difficulty; grades; read comment ;marks
17、学校活动 match ; game ; activity ;hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony
18、建议/观点 advice; suggestion; idea; proposal; view; recommandation
19、气候/天气 climate; weather ;storm; windy; cloudy ;rainy; snow ;hot/cold/freezing/heat/warmth
20、交通 by train/bus /boat; bike; on the train/bus /a bike; drive a car; ride a bike; give sb. a lift/ride
21、习惯 habit ; custom; get used to; regular有规律的(形容词); practice惯例(名词)
22、感觉 sight ; hearing; touch; smell ; sense
23、情感 feeling; emotion; anger; delight ; sadness; sorrow
24、财富 money; possessions; wealth; belongings ;fortunes; treasure; diamond ;be rich/well-off
25、运动比赛 on the playground ; on the track and filed ; pitch ;event; game ; match; sports player ; Coach ;judge ; jogging weightlifting ; play volleyball/soccer/
26、衣服 clothes, cloth, clothing clothes统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of
27、事件 incident, accident;  incident指小事件, accident指不幸的事故

形容词类
1、人的各种感受
乐happy; delighted; to one’s joy; pleased; amused
悲 sad; unhappy ; painful; bitter
平静 calm; quiet; silent/still ; peaceful
烦bother; bored ;be fed up with
震惊 surprised; astonished; shocked /amazed
怕 in fear; be frightened /scared /afraid
失望desperate; disappointed ; hopeless ; be depressed
满意be satisfied with /be content to do
生气 Annoyed; angry ; disgusting ; burst into rage
2、表程度的副词类
narrowly/ Nearly/ almost ; hardly/ hard ; extremely/ very very/ quite
accidently/ once in a while ; occasionaly/ once ; far / by far
farther/ further ; better/ worse ;be well/ good ;however/ therefore/so/thus
….
易考的近义词组
run/ manage grow/ plant leave/remain fit/ suit/ match
hit/ beat/strike meet/ satisfy touch /feel play /performer
contain/ hold /seat/ fill lie/sit/locate help/work/ do
fall/ sink/ drop matter/ problem /trouble/ money/ account
cause/ reason that’s why/ that’s because because/ since,as/ for
last/ continue keep/ stay/ treat/ cure/ operate separate/ divide
stand/ bear/tolerate/hold turn/become/go change/vary/range
provide/supply/offer/ give/send





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